Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink, or with regard to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath. These are a shadow of the things to come, but the substance belongs to Christ.
And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs−(Hebrew word for signs is ‘Owth, which means signals) and for seasons−(Hebrew word for seasons is Mo’ed, which means divine appointments), and for days and years
Leviticus 23: 1-2
The Lord spoke to Moses, saying “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, These are the appointed feasts−(Hebrew word for feast here is Mo’ed, which again means a divine appointment) of the LORD that you shall proclaim as holy convocations−(Hebrew word for convocations is Miqra’, which means both a gathering and a rehearsal); they are My appointed feasts.
Whats pretty amazing is that the word Mo’ed is used both in Genesis 1:14 and Leviticus 23. In Genesis 1:14 it says let the lights in the heavens (sun, moon and stars) be for signals and for divine appointments. Then in Leviticus 23, the feast of the Lord are also called Mo’ed. All 7 of the Lords feast, except for one, were to be held on full moons. Only the Feast of Trumpets would be held on the new moon.
The sun shall be turned to darkness-(Solar Eclipse), and the moon to blood-(Lunar Eclipse), before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
These feasts of the Lord were not only to be holy convocations-(gatherings) but also dress rehearsals, or foreshadows of what the Lord had planned to come.
The 7 feasts of the Lord were; Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost, Trumpets, Day Of Atonement and Tabernacles.
Now these feasts were broken up into 2 sections, the spring feasts and the fall feasts. They were separated by the summer harvest. Passover, Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, and Pentecost all happened in the spring time. After summer had past, the feast of Trumpets would begin the final 3 fall feasts. Now hours, even days could be spent breaking down the deep significance of each one of these feast but I’ll just scratch the surface of them here.
We all know the story of Moses in Egypt, where God sent plagues to Egypt because pharaoh refused to let Gods people go. The last plague to hit was the angel of death, which killed all the firstborn’s who did not have the blood of a lamb spread across their door post as the Lord commanded Moses to do. Something interesting to me here is that Jesus refers himself as a door in John 10:9, interesting because anyone in Egypt who had the blood of a lamb spread on their door post would be saved. You can see a picture of Jesus here, all that was standing between the people and death was simply a door and blood. Jesus is now all that stands between us and death, Jesus is that blood and that door.
Now that we can look back at biblical history, can we start to see if any of these foreshadows were fulfilled?
Passover is on the 14th day of the first month, that month is called Nisan. It may be no surprise that Jesus died on this very day or (Mo’ed) of Passover. Jesus was even killed at the same hour the lambs were slain at the temple every year during Passover. Which was the ninth hour. Jesus dies at the ninth hour, written about Mark 15:34.
1 Corinthians 5:7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
The Feast of Unleavened Bread is the day after Passover (the 15th of Nisan) and it lasts 7 days. Jesus was buried on the first day of this feast.
Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.
Interesting to note here, leaven is a typology for sin in the Bible, so unleavened is a typology for someone or something without sin. Jesus is the sinless bread of life.
While the Feast of Unleavened Bread continues to go on for 7 days, in the middle of this feast is the feast of FirstFruits, its held on the 17th day of Nisan. It probably comes as no coincidence now that Jesus was raised from the dead on this feast (Mo’ed).
The FirstFruit is the first portion of the harvest which is given to God. By giving God the firstfruits, Israel acknowledged that all good things come from God and that everything belongs to God. Giving the firstfruits was also a way of expressing trust in God’s provision; just as He provided the first fruits, so He would provide the rest of the crops that were needed. The firstborn of both men and animals were also considered firstfruits to the Lord and needed to be redeemed back from the Him. There’s really so much more that could be talked about here.
1 Corinthians 15:20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.
At some point we will all have our resurrection body’s like Christ, but He is the firstfruits of the resurrection.
50 days after Passover is Pentecost, the 4th feast of the Lord. This feast, as the others would take forever to unpack all its layers, so i’ll just briefly cover it here. 40 days after Jesus was crucified on Passover He ascended to heaven from the mount of olives in Jerusalem, while leaving this promise behind
And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, to be with you forever.
Also in the book of acts, it is written Acts 1:1-5 (Luke speaking) In the first book (The book of Luke), O Theophilus, I have dealt with all that Jesus began to do and teach, 2 until the day when He was taken up, after He had given commands through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom He had chosen. 3 He presented Himself alive to them after His suffering by many proofs, appearing to them during forty days and speaking about the kingdom of God. 3 And while staying with them He ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, He said, “you heard from Me; 5 for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”
Not many days from now Jesus said … Could that mean 2 days? 3 days? A week? A Month? Well again, it might come as no surprise but the Holy Spirit just happened to fall on the very day of Pentecost.
When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.
Pretty amazing timing right? All these things keep happening on feast days! What are the chances?? Its almost like these were divine appointments scheduled by the Lord Himself.
So a quick overview:
Has anything happened on Passover? √
Has anything happened on Unleavened Bread? √
Has anything happened on FirstFruits? √
Has anything happened on Pentecost? √
Now as I mentioned before there were no feasts during the summer. Which I can imagine the Israelite’s thanking God for, because they had to travel from all parts of Israel to Jerusalem to celebrate these feasts. Which could of been up to a 80 mile walk in the middle of summer, ouch. Now whats interesting is that the time between the spring feast and the fall feast is called the summer harvest. In the Bible the the church age is often referred to as the time of harvest.
And Jesus went throughout all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction. When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd. Then He said to his disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest.”
And let us not grow weary of doing good, for in due season we will harvest, if we do not give up.
So the question that naturally arises now is, whats next?
The first feast−(Mo’ed) that follows the summer harvest is the Feast of Trumpets, also known as Rosh Hashanah or Yom Teruw’ah. In fact this feast has many ancient names in Israel but Yom Teruw’ah has a special significance, but we will get back to that soon. It’s also the only feast to start on a new moon rather than a full moon.
And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have a holy convocation−(gathering / rehearsal). You shall do no customary work. It is a day−(Yom) for you to blow−(Teruw’ah) the trumpets-(Shofars).
Teruw’ah is strong’s #8643, it means a shout or blast of war, alarm. A battle cry, blowing, blowing trumpets, joy, joyful sound, shout of alarm, shout of joy, trumpet blast, war cries.
Shofar is strong’s #7782, it means a horn (for blowing), ram’s horn, a trumpet.
Here are some interesting additional names for the Feast of Trumpets.
1. Yom Teruw’ah (Feast of Trumpets, The Awakening Blast, a Shout)
2. Rosh HasShanah (Head of the Year, Birthday of the World)
3. Teshuvah (Repentance)
4. Yom Hadin (The Day of Judgment)
5. HaMelech (Coronation Day of the Messiah)
6. Yom Hazikkaron (Day of Remembrance)
7. Chevlai shel Mashiach (Time of Jacob’s Trouble) Jeremiah 30:6-7
8. Kiddushin/Nesu’in (The Wedding Ceremony)
9. Natzal (The Resurrection)
10. Shofar HaGadol (The Last Trump) 1 Corinthians 15:52
11. Yom Hakeseh (The Hidden Day) The day that no one knows the day or the hour
12. The opening of the gates
God has gone up with a shout−(Teruw’ah),
The Lord with the sound of a trumpet−(Shofar).
Blow a trumpet-(Shofar) in Zion; sound an alarm on my holy mountain! Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble, for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near
Every feast of trumpets Israelite’s blow a Shofar−(Trumpet) 100 times.
A long Shofar blast is blown 33 times during this feast, the long blast is called the Tekiah.
Then 3 shorter blasts are blown 33 times, these are the called the Shevarim.
And also 9 quick blasts are blown 33 times, these are called the Teruw’ah.
But there’s still one left, this final Shofar blast is called the The Last Trump.
1 Corinthians 15:51-53
Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. For this perishable body must put on the imperishable, and this mortal body must put on immortality.
1 Thessalonians 4:15-18
For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet-(Shofar) of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. Therefore encourage one another with these words.
Is it a coincidence that all these rapture passages just happen to have a trumpet in it? I’m not sure I have enough faith to believe that it’s just a coincidence. Especially when the next feast to be fulfilled just happens to be the Feast of Trumpets.
Stay dressed for action and keep your lamps burning, and be like men who are waiting for their master to come home from the wedding feast, so that they may open the door to him at once when he comes and knocks. Blessed are those servants whom the master finds awake when he comes…. 40 You also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect….41 Peter said, “Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for all?”….. 42 And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and wise manager, whom his master will set over his household, to give them their portion of food at the proper time? Blessed is that servant whom his master will find so doing when he comes. Truly, I say to you, He will set him over all his possessions….45 But if that servant says to himself, ‘My master is delayed in coming,’ and begins to beat the male and female servants, and to eat and drink and get drunk, the master of that servant-(the wicked one) will come on a day when he does not expect Him and at an hour he does not know….
1 Thessalonians 5:1-6
Now concerning the times and the seasons, brothers, you have no need to have anything written to you. For you yourselves are fully aware that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, “There is peace and security,” then sudden destruction will come upon them as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and they will not escape. But you are not in darkness, brothers, for that day to surprise you like a thief. For you are all children of light, children of the day. We are not of the night or of the darkness. So then let us not sleep, as others do, but let us keep awake and be sober.
What does John write in Revelation to the dead church in Sardis?
And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: ‘The words of him who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars. “‘I know your works. You have the reputation of being alive, but you are dead. Wake up, and strengthen what remains and is about to die, for I have not found your works complete in the sight of my God. Remember, then, what you received and heard. Keep it, and repent. If you will not wake up, I will come like a thief, and you will not know at what hour I will come against you.
Jesus is saying in Revelation that He will come like a thief to who? The dead church, not the healthy and living churches. Jesus says blessed are those who He finds watching when He comes and He will set them over all His possessions.We also see in these previous few verses that Jesus and Paul are both telling us that only to the dead church and unbelievers will Christ return like a thief in the night and on a day and hour they do not know.
One other thing I find interesting about the Feast of Trumpets is that its the only Feast that is two days long instead of one. So actually, you still don’t know what day Jesus would return, even inside the Feast of Trumpets, because it’s two days long.
Woe to you who desire the day of the Lord! Why would you have the day of the Lord? It is darkness, and not light…
Another interesting note about the Feast of Trumpets is that its the only feast-(Mo’ed) that lands on a new moon instead of a full moon. Why does that matter you may ask? Well it seems like its a perfect fit with Amos 5:18. Why? Because Amos says the day of the Lord is a day of darkness and not light. Now, is the night sky bright on a new moon? No, its the darkest day of the month. Is it a coincidence that the Feast of Trumpets is also the only feast that is in darkness? The message appears to be saying that this feast will be the one to usher in the darkest time in world history. Contrast this with all the other feast that land on full moons, where it is very bright outside. For example Jesus said “I am the light of the world” and He died on Passover where there is a full moon, and the night shines. God is speaking through His creation to those who have eyes to see and ears to hear.
Blessed are the people who know the joyful sound-(teruw’ah)!
They walk, O Lord, in the light of Your countenance.
Why are people who know the joyful sound of the Shofar blessed? Because its the sound that believers will hear at the time of the rapture!
So what does all this mean for us Christians? I believe the Bible points to this feast-(Mo’ed) as the scheduled time the rapture will occur. And we will hear the blast of the Shofar when Christ comes to meet us in the clouds. Now keep in mind this feast falls on a different day every year. For example, 2016 the Feast of Trumpets lands on Oct 3-4 but in 2017 the Feast of Trumpets lands on Sept 21-22. Date setting is far from the idea that things will happen in a orderly fashion, which involves the Lords feast days. Especially when God has made it clear that these feast are made for His divine appointments-(Mo’ed). God is a God of order and perfection, He does nothing arbitrarily.
Matthew 5: 17-18
Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.
Jesus has fulfilled each of the first four feast-(divine appointments) on the very day. Why would we assume this pattern would not continue?
For the Lord GOD does nothing without revealing His secret to His servants the prophets.
So a 2nd quick overview:
Has anything happened on Passover? [√]
Has anything happened on Unleavened Bread? [√]
Has anything happened on FirstFruits? [√]
Has anything happened on Pentecost? [√]
Summer Harvest / Church Age [√]
Has anything happened on Feast of Trumpets? [ ]
Has anything happened on Day of Atonement? [ ]
Has anything happened on Feast of Tabernacles? [ ]
Day of Atonement and Feast of Tabernacles are also very significant feast. Day of Atonement I believe represents Christ 2nd coming. While the Feast of Tabernacles represents Christ millennium reign here on earth, where Jesus will Tabernacle with His people. But will save this talk for another time.
Now I’m not Jewish, I’m just a normal white guy who grew up in Southern California. But understanding our Christian heritage through its Jewish roots has opened a world of understanding to me, especially in figuring out different points the Bible is trying to get across. I know at times it can feel like the Bible is talking in a completely different language, and you know what, sometimes it is. That’s why its been important for me to make an effort in trying to understand where the Bible is coming from rather than only trying to get the Bible to meet me where I’m coming from. Allot of things can get lost in translation if I’m not careful.
So is it important for Christians now of days continue to observe these feast of the Lord? Well one thing to point out is that the Lord did not call these feast Israels feast, He called them His Feast (Leviticus 23:2). Also Jesus and the apostles continued to observe these feast during their lifetime.
For Paul had decided to sail past Ephesus, so that he might not have to spend time in Asia, for he was hastening to be at Jerusalem, if possible, on the day of Pentecost.
Acts 18: 20-21
When they asked him to stay a longer time with them, he did not consent, but took leave of them, saying, “I must by all means keep this coming feast in Jerusalem”
1 Corinthians 5:8
Therefore let us keep the feast (feast of unleavened bread), not with old leaven, nor with the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
Even the last supper was an observance of the Passover feast by Jesus and His disciples.
Some may suggest that Paul only observed these feasts because he was a Jewish man, which is true in part. Israel was the only nation who observed Gods commandments, because Israel was the only nation God gave His commandments to (Romans 9:4). However circumcision was also part of the law, but Paul was open in telling everyone circumcision was now an irrelevant practice.
Listen! I, Paul, tell you this: If you are counting on circumcision to make you right with God, then Christ will be of no benefit to you.
1 Corinthians 7:19
For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God.
Never do we see scriptures of rebuke referring to the feast days, quiet the opposite actually. So I give Paul a little more credit than to say he only observed the feasts because he was Jewish. Paul was a man who was dedicated to the truth of Gods word and we see him continuing to observe the feast days after Jesus death.
So I would say, yes! It is important for Christians to continue to observe His holy days, just like Jesus and the apostles did. I know I am excited to. Romans 11:18 “Do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you.” We have been grafted into the Olive Tree, we are not a separate tree off on our own. But, be sure to remember the substance of these feast are in Christ and He is their fulfillment! After all if you have a big event to attend some day, don’t you want to practice at the rehearsals-(Miqra) first.
In the end hopefully this crazy long post of mine has been able to bless you in some way. Thanks for sticking with me till the end!
“You know how to interpret the appearance of earth and sky, but why do you not know how to interpret the present time?”